Eid Ul Fitr and Adha Rituals: On the tenth of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah every year, Muslims all around the globe hit a date with one of the most important religious rituals in Islam, right at the end of Ramadan. It is the holy “Eid Al Adha”. The material and moral preparations for this day start a few days earlier, and sometimes a month before. The first thing is to morally prepare to do good deeds, to pray, to praise Allah’s name, and to do charity work as it’s asked in our religion. Secondly, Muslims are asked to save up money in order to be able to purchase the “sacrifice” and what goes with it, and also to buy clothes and presents for the family members and for the beloved ones. Thirdly, it is necessary to rearrange the house, and to prepare it in order to receive guests and to absorb the great atmosphere of this occasion.
With the arrival of the first day of the Eid in the Arabic and Islamic countries in particular, the family members wake up early in order to go to the praying places (Musalla) in the open air or to the mosques, depending on the weather and the regulations in different countries. The Aid prayers are performed in two Rak’has by the Muslims, as they perform seven Takbirs in the first Rak’ha and then five Takbirs in the second Rak’ha, then they sit down and they listen in concentration to the Khoutba of the Eid. After that, they exchange the greetings and the congratulations and they return home in order to slaughter their “Sacrifice” according to Allah’s saying in Surat Al Kawtar: “Indeed, We have granted you, [O Muhammad], al-Kawtar, So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone]”. As for the rest of the Aid days, they are mostly devoted to praise Allah, to ask for forgiveness, to visit the family members and to reconciliate with the others.
The festivals of Aid Al Adha in the Muslim countries extend to four days, which are the day of the sacrifice and the three days of Tashreeq. This creates an atmosphere of joy and happiness and it is an occasion for the hearts to rejoice and for the families to gather and to share nice moments. It is an occasion for Muslims to help the poor and to create more and more solidarity between the people. Good deeds and good moments are the pure goal of this occasion.
In addition to the joy that the Eid brings to the Muslims, This occasion carries a great spiritual, social and economic benefit for the Islamic community. On the spiritual level, the Muslim earns the rewards of the prayer, and of praising Allah “Takbiir and Tasbiih”. On the social level, the relationships between the Muslims are strengthened due to the gatherings and exchanges. And on the economic level, the businesses see an increase in sales, and the economy as a result is benefiting from this occasion.