Eid Ul Adha Takbeer

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In Surah Baqarah Verse 185 Allah tells all Muslims,

The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which he has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.

One of the best ways to ‘glorify Allah for that which has guided you’ is to recite takbeer which is reciting Allahu akbar meaning “Allah is the greatest”.

However, on Eid day there is a special Takbeerat called Takbeer E-Tashreeq (tashriq) and majority of scholars are in agreement that it is part of the Sunnah of Prophet Muhamamd  to recite (ﷺ).

TAKBEER TASHREEQ IN ARABIC:

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ. وَاَللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ.

Transliteration: Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, La ilaha illallah, Wallahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahil hamd

WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE EID TAKBEER:

The translation of the takbir for Eid is:

“Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, there is no god but Allah. And Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest and to Allah belongs all praise.”

SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT VERSION OF THE TAKBEER TASHRIQ:

There is a different variation in which Allahu Akbar is recited three times instead of two, and it also omits conjunction “wa” which means “and”. Both forms are generally acceptable and a matter preferrence by the different schools of Sunni Jurisprudence.

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, la ilaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa Lillahi’l-hamd

SPECIFIED TIMES WHEN TO RECITE TAKBEER E- TASHREEEQ

After every Fardh Salat commencing from Fajr prayer of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah (the Day of Arafah) till after Asr prayer on the 13th of Dhul Hijjah (the day after the final day of Eid).

This takbeer is Sunnah according to the majority of scholars. It is Sunnah for both men and woman, in the mosque, in the home and in the marketplace. Men should say it out loud, and women should say it quietly, because women are commanded to lower their voices. Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If you notice something during the prayer, men should say ‘Subhan-Allaah!’ and women should clap.” So women should say the takbeer quietly and men should say it out loud.

TRADITION OF RECITING TAKBEER ON WAY TO MASJID FOR EID PRAYER

It was narrated from Urwah ibn al-Zubayr and Abu Salamah ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmaan that they used to recite the takbeer out loud when they came to the prayer-pace in the morning, and that Naafi’ ibn Jubayr used to recite the takbeer out loud when he came to the prayer-place in the morning of the day of Eid.

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that he used to come to the prayer-place on the morning of the day of Eid al-Fitr, when the sun had risen, and he would recite takbeer until he reached the prayer-place, then he would recite takbeer in the prayer-place until the imam sat down and stopped reciting takbeer.

An Even Longer Version Of Takbeer E-Tashreeq:
There is no one single right takbeer for Eid as the subject matter is broad. The command from the Quran is to say takbeer in general, i.e. to venerate Allah. He did not specify one particular form of takbeeraat. In the end, it will be the preference your local masjid. Likely to be the one that is easy for all adult and children to recite in congregation. This is also a common takbeer which is recited during Eid.

how to pray eid-ul-adha prayer salah

 

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar
Allah is Great, Allah is Great

Allahu Akbar
Allah is Great

La illaha il Allah
there is no God, but Allah

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar
Allah is Great, Allah is Great

Walilahil Hamd
to Him belongs all Praise

Allahu akbar kabira
Allah is the Greatest

Walhamdulillahi kathira
And all Praise is due to Him

Wa subhan allahi
And Glory to Allah

Bukratan wa asila
eventide and in the morning

La illaha il Allah
there is no God, but Allah the Unique

Sadaqa wa’dah
He has fulfilled His Promise

Wa nasara abda
and made Victorious His servant

Wa a’azza jundahu
and made Mighty His soldiers

Wa hazamal-ahzaaba wahdah
and defeated the confederates

La illaha il Allah
there is no God, But Allah

Wa laa na’budu illa iyyah
He alone we worship

Mukhlessena lahud-deena
with sincere and exclusive devotion

Walau karihal-Kafirun
even though the idolaters hate it

Allahumma salli ala Sayyidina Muhammad
O Allah, have Mercy on our Prophet Muhammad

Wa ala aali Sayyidina Muhammad
and on the family of our Prophet Muhammad

Wa ala as-haabie Sayyidina Muhammad
and on the companions of our Prophet Muhammad

Wa ala ansari Sayyidina Muhammad
and on the helpers of our Prophet Muhammad

Wa ala azwajie Sayyidina Muhammad
and on the wives of our Prophet Muhammad

Wa ala dhurreyatie Sayyidina Muhammad
and on the progeny of our Prophet Muhammad

Wa sallim tasleeman katheera
and Bestow upon them much peace.

How To Pray Eid-ul-Adha

Based on Hanafi School of Islamic fiqh

Eid prayer consists of two units (Rakat in Arabic, singular is Raka). The main difference in the way this prayer and any other prayer of two Rakat is performed is the number of Takbirs that are done.

Make an intention of doing two Rakat behind the Imam for Eid prayer along with six additional Takbirs.

First Raka

  • After the Imam has said “Allahu Akbar” the first time, you should raise your hands and follow. This is the first Takbir of the prayer.
  • There will be 3 Takbirs before the Imam starts reciting Quran. Each time the Imam says “Allahu Akbar”, you should follow by raising your hands, then putting them on your sides.
  • After the third Takbir, the Imam will begin reciting the Quran. At that point, you should put your hands on your ches1t, with your right hand on top of the left.
  • Listen to the recitation of the Holy Quran. The Imam will recite Surah Al Fatiha (the first Surah of the Quran) and then another Surah.
  • When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Ruku (the bowing position).
  • Stand up straight when he says Sami Allahu liman Hamidah (Allah hears those who praise Him), and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” (our Lord praise be to You) in a low voice.
  • When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Sujud (prostration). You will do two prostrations as in normal prayer.

Second Raka

  • The Imam will first recite from the Holy Quran (first Surah Al Fatiha and another Surah.
  • After the recitation, before going into Ruku, there will be 3 Takbirs. Follow the Imam. Raise your hands after each “Allahu Akbar”. After the third Takbir, go into Ruku (the bowing position).
  • Stand up straight when the Imam says Sami Allah huliman Hamidah, and say “Rabbana lakal Hamd” in a low voice.
  • When the Imam says “Allahu Akbar” go into Sujud. You will do two prostrations.
  • After this, you sit for the complete Tashshahud.
  • After the Imam ends the prayer by turning to his face to the right first and saying “Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullah” and then to his left and doing the same, you should follow.

Do not get up right away. The Imam will give a short Khutbah (speech). Please stay still and listen. It is recommended to do so.


Eid-ul-Adha Takbeerat

الله أكبر ، الله أكبر ، لا إله إلا الله ، والله أكبر ، الله أكبر ، ولله الحمد
Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. La ilaha illa Llah. Wa Llahu Akbar. Allah Akbar. Wa liLlahil-Hamd.

“Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest. There is no God save Him. And Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest. And to Allah belongs all praise.”

Tashrik Takbir starts in the arafa day (the day before Eid – eve of eid) in the Morning Prayer (fajr prayer) until the asr prayer (afternoon prayer) of the fourth day of eid. It is done after the fard prayers. And at the end of each twenty-three obligatory (fard) prayers that take place from the morning at the eve of the eid to the afternoon prayer of the fourth day it is necessary to say it.

Saying Tashrik Takbir after each the fard prayer during the eid is obligatory according to the Hanafi school; according to the Shafi and Hanbali schools, it is Sunnah; and mandub according to the Maliki school.

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