Eid has always been a joyous time in the UAE. The many traditions of this special time include festive dinners with family, gifts to loves ones and offering special prayers. Eid prayers are most commonly performed in congregation at mosques and other designated venues, but in case you can’t attend such occasions, it’s also possible to perform the Eid prayer at home. In this guide, we explain how you can pray Eid prayer at home during either Eid Al Fitr or Eid Al Adha.
HOW TO PERFORM THE EID PRAYER AT HOME
Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha have great significance for Muslims. Thus, Eid prayers are also an extremely important part of the festive celebrations.
If you are offering the Eid prayer together with family, an adult male member must lead the prayer as an Imam. Once you have formed the congregation, you can follow this step-by-step guide to performing Eid salah at home.
PREPARING FOR SALAT AL-EID
During this exceptional time, it is recommended that you keep your Eid celebrations within your homes. But, you can follow the sunnah of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) to prepare for Salat Al-Eid.
Perform ghusl (bath) before prayers
Eat an odd number of dates
Dress up and wear your festive clothes
Exchange well-wishes with family members and friends by saying Taqabbalallahu Minna wa Minkum – May Allah accept (the worship) from us and from you
HOW TO OFFER EID-UL-FITR AND EID AL ADHA PRAYER AT HOME: STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE
Offering Eid prayer at home is exactly the same as the prayer for Eid at the mosque. However, the only difference is that at home, there will be no Eid sermon (khutbah).
The correct time for praying Eid salah at home starts 15 minutes after sunrise and lasts until 10 to 15 minutes before Dhuhr (midday).
If you are leading the prayer as an Imam, you have to recite the surahs from the Qur’an out loud and call out the takbeers. Whereas, the rest of the congregation has to simply follow you.
Here is a step-by-step guide on the Eid prayer procedure at home:
Eid prayer has two rak’ahs (parts) with extra takbeers. You start with a non-verbal niyah. This isn’t said out loud. Then you say the first takbeer – takbeerat-ul-ihram (Allahu Akbar) followed by six more takbeers in the first rakah. Reciting the opening supplication is optional.
For each takbeer from the Imam, you have to raise your hands and quietly recite ‘subhanallah, walhamdulillah, wala ilaha illallah, wallahu akbar’. This will be followed with the imam reciting Surah Al Fatihah and another surah out loud. The rest of the group should quietly listen to the imam during this phase with their arms folded across their bodies.
At the call of ‘Allahu Akbar’, you will go in a position of bowing known as rukua. Next at the call of ‘Sami Allahu liman Hamidah’, you will stand tall again and say quietly ‘Rabbana lakal Hamd’. Next, the Imam will say ‘Allahu Akbar’, which is an intimation to go in sujud (prostration). After two sujuds, your first rak’ah of Eid prayer will be complete. Rise up at the call of Allahu Akbar.
Five takbeers will be called during the second rak’ah, and you will repeat the call and action of the imam. In between the takbeers, you have to say ‘Subhanallah, walhamdulillah, wala ilaha illallah, wallahu akbar’.
Listen to the imam reciting Surah Al Fatihah and an additional surah. Then follow the same procedure for rukua and sujoods as you did in the first rak’ah. After the two sujoods, you will sit for Tashshahud. Once completed, the Imam will call ‘Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullah’ and turn his head towards the right shoulder and then to the left as well. Simply follow the imam and your Eid prayer at home would be completed.
When offering prayer as an individual, you will be your own Imam.
CAN I PRAY THE EID PRAYER AT HOME INDIVIDUALLY?
Yes, Eid prayers can be offered at home even if you are alone.
WHAT ARE THE EID PRAYER TIMINGS?
Eid prayers can be performed starting 15 to 20 minutes after the sunrise. You can pray until ‘zawal’ time, i.e. 10 to 15 minutes before Dhuhr prayer.
CAN I EAT SOMETHING BEFORE THE EID PRAYER?
Yes, it is Islamic tradition to eat something sweet before the prayer. In fact, it is sunnah to have an odd number of dates. However, it is not obligatory.
WHAT IS THE APPROPRIATE DRESSING FOR PRAYING EID NAMAZ AT HOME?
It is the same as it would be for prayers in a mosque. If you have been able to order new clothes, that would be ideal. If not, you always use clean clothes that fit the Islamic requirements.
IS EID PRAYER COMPULSORY FOR WOMEN?
Performing Eid prayers is not obligatory for women, however, it is a recommended sunnah.
If you want to learn how can a woman pray Eid prayer at home, please note that the procedure for Eid prayer for ladies at home is the same as stated above.
HOW MANY TAKBEERS ARE THERE IN EID PRAYER?
Eid-e-Salat consists of two rak’ahs in which you have to say twelve takbeers in total.
For now, as advised by Islamic scholars, people can offer Eid ul Fitr prayer at home. Once, you have offered the prayer, you can start your Eid celebrations in accordance with the government’s guidelines!
If you’re looking to unwind during your Eid break, check out all the staycation deals in Dubai for Eid! Alternatively, if you are planning to bring the festive spirit to your home, take a look at our guide to decorating your home for Eid.
How to Pray Eid Salah
Before you start
Before going to the Eid prayer, it is Sunnah to make ghusl and put on your best clothes. Eid is a celebration, after all!
It is also Sunnah to recite takbeer after leaving your house as you travel to the Eid prayer. This is: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. La ilaaha illa-llaah, wa-llaahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa li-llaahil hamd.
There are no nafl (voluntary) prayers offered before or after the Eid prayer. Ibn Abbas (ra) said, ‘The Prophet (saw) went out to the place of prayer on the Day of Fitr and prayed two raka’ah of Eid prayer, not praying before or after them’. [Bukhari]
Just like with other prayers, remember to make your niyyah (intention) before you start. This intention must be present in the heart. However, if you wish to verbalise it too, you can do so as follows, ‘I intend to pray two raka’ah of the Eid al-Fitr/Eid al-Adha prayer for Allah facing the Ka’bah’.
The first rak’ah
Now start your prayer by raising your hands up to your earlobes for men, and shoulders for women, while saying the takbeer: Allahu Akbar. Then, place your right hand over your left, just below the naval. Women should place their hands below their chest.
Recite your opening supplication: SubhanaK-Allahumma wa bihamdiKa, wa tabaarak-asmuKa, wa ta-’aala jadduKa, wa la ilaaha ghayruK. This means: O Allah, glory and praise are for You, and blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty and there is no god but You.
Now comes the main thing that differentiates the Eid prayer from other prayers! The Imam will now recite multiple takbeers to start the prayer. For each takbeer, raise your hands up to your ears/shoulders and then let them fall to your sides.
The number of takbeers will vary depending on the Imam. A Hanafi Imam will say takbeer three times. But typically, your Imam will run through the amount of takbeers prior to the start of the prayer, so pay attention!
Now that the takbeers are over, place your right hand over your left below your chest/below your navel, as you would normally do while praying. Now the Imam will recite Surah al-Fatihah followed by another surah.
The rest of the rak’ah will be prayed the same as your normal compulsory prayers. If you’re a beginner, please see our blog about how to perform Salah. If not, continue reading!
The second rak’ah
In the second rak’ah, the Imam will recite Surah al-Fatihah followed by another surah.
After this Qur’an recitation, the Imam will recite multiple takbeers again! Remember, for each takbeer, raise your hands to your ears/shoulders and let them fall to your side. A Hanafi Imam will recite three takbeers, but other Imams will be different, so pay attention.
When the takbeers are over, go down into a bowing position (ruku).
The rest of the rak’ah will be the same as your normal compulsory prayers.
After the prayer, the Imam will address the people in a khutbah (sermon). This can last anywhere from around 10-30 minutes, during which the Imam will address important Islamic issues. It is essential that you listen to the sermon.
After you finish
One more thing – take a different route home after praying. Both the routes you take will testify that you attended this prayer on the Day of Judgement. Abu Huraira narrates that when the Messenger (saw) would go for Eid (prayer), he would return taking a different path from the one he had used to come. [Ibn Majah]
There are just a few more things you need to know for each Eid prayer.
Here are a couple of things to note about Eid al-Fitr Salah:
It is Sunnah to eat something before the prayer, usually something sweet like dates. ‘The Messenger (saw) would not leave for Eid al-Fitr until he ate…’ [Ahmad]
You must pay your Zakat al-Fitr (Fitrana) before the prayer, so the poor can be fed on Eid day. Zakat al-Fitr (£3.50 per person) is obligatory upon every member of your household, including children and the elderly, and cannot be made up if neglected.
Here are a couple of things to note about Eid al-Adha Salah:
It is Sunnah to eat something after the prayer. If possible, this should be the meal with your Qurbani meat, but even if you’re sacrificing abroad, it’s still better not to eat until you’ve completed Eid al-Adha prayer. ‘…he (saw) would not eat on Eid al-Adha until he would return and eat from the animal he sacrificed’. [Ahmad]
We recommend that you order your Qurbani before the prayer, as our global teams will begin sacrificing the animals straight after the Eid prayer. This is because the Prophet (saw) said, ’Whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before offering the Eid prayer, should slaughter another sacrifice in its place; and whoever has not slaughtered their sacrifice yet, should slaughter now′ [Bukhari]. As soon as we have sacrificed the animals, we will begin distributing the meat to poor families.
However, if you forget to order your Qurbani before the Eid prayer, don’t worry! You can make a Qurbani order right up until Maghrib time on the third day of Eid (12th Dhul Hijjah), as Muslim Hands has already sacrificed the animals in time for Eid distribution, with the intention that some donors will give their money on the third day.